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Kidney functioning
:: Kidney information
:: Urine information

:: Bilirubin
:: Blood
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Leukocytes
:: Nitrite
:: pH of urine
:: Specific gravity
:: Urobilinogen

Malaria information
:: Lifecycle of parasite
:: People at high risk
:: Prevention
:: Symptoms

HIV / Aids information

Ovulation and fertility

The prostate glad
Prostate cancer

Breast health
:: Breast cancer

Drug information

OTHER

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Lifecycle of the plasmodium parasite

The plasmodium parasite which causes human malaria can be divided into four different species, namely

  • Plasmodium falciparum,
  • Plasmodium vivax,
  • Plasmodium ovale and
  • Plasmodium malariae.

malaria lifecycle plasmodium parasite mosquito

Transmission of the parasite malaria lifecycle

The parasite is transmitted to the human host when an infected anopheles mosquito bites the human to feed of human blood.

Plasmodium falciparum occurs in almost all areas affected by malaria and it is classed in most cases resistant to chloroquine.

Plasmodium vivax infection is predominantly located in South America as well as the Middle East, but is uncommon in sub-Saharan Africa. Plasmodium ovale as well as Plasmodium malariae is mostly found in Africa.

In order to plan effective treatment of malaria infection, the identification of the infecting species is important and testing may be required to ascertain it.

prevent malaria infection

The plasmodium parasite has an extremely complex lifecycle, and on entering the human host, goes through a series of changes until it reaches a sexual stage.

It is in this stage of sexual maturity that the parasite can be transmitted to another person through the vector agency of the mosquito, as the mosquito will feed on the infected human host and then feed again, within 10 to 14 days, on a different person.

The various stages in the lifecycle of the plasmodium parasite allow it to confuse the body's immune system, and to invade and infect the liver and red blood cells.

The plasmodium parasite multiplies in the human body, spreading from the liver, destroying red blood cells, which also results in anemia (anaemia).

If the infection reaches an advanced state the plasmodium start to clog the capillaries that carry blood to the brain, (this is called cerebral anemia (anaemia)) and various other organs of the body.

Malaria can be life threatening and must be treated by a competent health practitioner as soon as possible.

malaria lifecycle

Related information malaria lifecycle

Our home test kits
Urine test strips - testing for:
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Blood / Hemoglobin
:: Protein
:: Nitrite
:: pH
:: Urobilinogen
:: Bilirubin
:: Leucocytes
:: Specific gravity

Breast Aware (breast examination pad)

Alcohol breathalyzer (disposable)

Ovulation tests (testing fertility periods or periods when you won't conceive)
Malaria test kit - testing for:
:: Plasmodium falciparum (Pf)
:: Plasmodium vivax (Pv)
:: Plasmodium ovale (Po)
:: Plasmodium malariae (Pm)

Prostate test (PSA test)

HIV test /Aids test (testing for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies)

Drug test (5-in-1 assay) testing for:
:: Cocaine (crack and cocaine derivatives)
:: THC (marijuana, weed, grass, hashish etc)
:: Amphetamines (speed, uppers, base)
:: Opiates (morphine, opium, heroin)
:: Methamphetamines (meth, ice, e, ecstasy)

 

Information pages
Urine testing
:: Kidneys and their functions
:: Kidney function regulating body fluids
:: Bilirubin in urine
:: Blood in urine
:: Glucose in urine
:: Ketones in urine
:: Leukocytes in urine
:: Nitrite in urine
:: ph of urine
:: Protein in urine
:: Specific gravity of urine
:: Urobilinogen in urine
:: Parameters of urine test strips (dip sticks)

Drugs
:: Drug detection periods
:: Most common drugs
:: Drug slang words
:: How do drugs work
   ::: Amphetamines - speed, uppers
   ::: Cocaine - crack, nose candy
   ::: Methamphetamine - ecstasy, e, ice
   ::: Opiates - morphine, opium, heroin
   ::: Phencyclidine hydrochloride - pcp, angel dust
   ::: THC - cannabis, marijuana

Breast cancer
:: Description and function of the breasts
:: Diseases of the breast
:: Benign breast conditions
:: Malignant breast conditions
   ::: Types of breast cancer
   ::: Symptoms of breast cancer
:: Causes of breast cancer
:: Diagnosing breast cancer
:: Treatment of breast cancer
:: Living with breast cancer

Prostate health
:: Prostatism or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
:: Prostatitis
:: Prostate Cancer
   ::: Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Cause of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Diagnosing Prostate Cancer
   ::: Treatment for Prostate Cancer
:: Living with Prostate Cancer
:: Depression
:: Erectile Dysfunction
:: Incontinence
Malaria
:: General information on malaria
:: Types of malaria
:: People at high risk of malaria infection
:: Lifecycle of the plasmodium parasite
:: Preventing malaria
   ::: Protective clothing
   ::: Insect repellent
   ::: Bed / sleeping mosquito nets
   ::: Room management
:: Diagnosing malaria
:: Symptoms of malaria infection
:: Anti-malarial drugs
   ::: Doxycycline
   ::: Mefloquine (Larium™)
   ::: Atovaquone and proguanil combination (Malarone™)
:: Testing for malaria
   ::: Home testing
   ::: Laboratory testing
   ::: Other tests that could be done
:: Consequences and outcome of malaria infection
:: Malaria in Southern and South Africa

HIV / Aids
:: General information
:: Symptoms
:: Facts and frequently asked questions
:: Spreading the virus
   ::: Kissing
   ::: Oral Sex
   ::: Vaginal Sex
   ::: Anal Sex
   ::: Condoms
   ::: Female condoms
   ::: Drug Use
   ::: Tattoos
:: Health care workers and you
:: "Rapid" home Aids Tests
:: Approved drugs and treatments
:: Schematic drawing of life cycle

Ovulation / Fertility
:: Fertility drugs
:: Ovulation calculator (period in which you are most likely to conceive)


 

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Information contained on this website is for general information purposes only and must not be used to treat or diagnose medical conditions, and all health problems must be referred to a health care professional. Statements made regarding the products and general information have not been evaluated by the FDA, or any other health authority, and should not be seen as health counseling, advice or statements.
 
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Our site was last updated on 25 August 2017.